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Distinguishing Corruption in Law and Practice: Empirically Separating Conviction Charges from Underlying Behaviors

NCJ Number
253118
Date Published
2018
Length
16 pages
Author(s)
Jay S. Albanese; Kristine Artello; Linh T. Nguyen
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2015-IJ-CX-0007
Annotation
This analysis examined the laws under which corruption cases are brought and trends over time, in order to assess how the underlying corruption behaviors can be grouped into types.
Abstract
Corruption was operationalized into several distinct types of misconduct under law for purposes of prosecution. Federal defendants were most often charged with offenses involving bribery, fraudulent statements/entries, theft of public funds, conspiracy, and fraudulent claims (in that order); whereas, state and local defendants were more likely to be charged with a different ordering of offenses (extortion, theft from government programs, mail fraud, and conspiracy for state defendants, and theft from government programs, extortion, mail fraud, and bribery for local defendants). These differences in the corruption choices by public officials at different levels of government have rarely been considered. Preliminary explanations are offered for these differences, which provide insights into the way in which corruption occurs in different jurisdictions. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021