Since there is little research on demographic variable-based differences in correlates of elder abuse, such as mental health, exist, the National Elder Mistreatment Study 8-year follow-up (NEMS II) specifically investigated the link between demographic factors and the presence of these correlates (i.e. diagnoses of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and self-ratings of physical health).
The NEMS II used random digit dial telephone survey methodology to assess demographic variables and reports of depression PTSD, GAD, and poor health, in 774 older adults. The study found a consistent association between demographic factors related to financial status and poor mental and general health ratings. A subset of demographic factors was associated with increased risk of reporting elder abuse. Low income and financial distress were also associated with increased risk of reporting correlates of elder abuse that included depression, PTSD, GAD, and poor health. (publisher abstract modified)
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