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Contextual Information Management: An Example of Independent-Checking in the Review of Laboratory-based Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

NCJ Number
253351
Date Published
May 2018
Length
6 pages
Author(s)
Nikola K. P. Osborne; Michael C. Taylor
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-DN-BX-K032
Annotation
This article describes a New Zealand forensic agency's contextual information management protocol for bloodstain pattern evidence examined in the laboratory.
Abstract
In an effort to create a protocol that would have minimal impact on current workflow while still effectively removing task-irrelevant contextual information, the protocol was designed following an in-depth consultation with management and forensic staff. The resulting design was for a protocol of independent-checking (i.e. blind peer-review) in which the checker's interpretation of the evidence is conducted in the absence of case information and the original examiner's notes or interpretation(s). At the conclusion of a ten-case trial period, there was widespread agreement that the protocol had minimal impact on the number of people required, the cost, or the time to complete an item examination. The agency is now looking to adopt the protocol into standard operating procedures; and in some cases, the protocol has been extended to cover other laboratory-based examinations (e.g. fabric damage, shoeprint examination, and physical fits). The protocol developed during this trial provides a useful example for agencies seeking to adopt contextual information management into their workflow. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021