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Are All Victims Alike? The Adverse, Generalized, and Differential Impact of Crime

NCJ Number
Crime and Delinquency Volume: 33 Issue: 4 Dated: (October 1987) Pages: 452-467
Date Published
16 pages
Samples of crime victims (burglary, robbery, felonious assault) and nonvictims were compared to examine the short-term differential and generalized effects of crime on psychological, behavioral, and attitudinal measures.
Victims were more likely to report experiencing higher levels of vulnerability, fear, and symptomology, and lower levels of self-efficacy. Also, victims were more likely to engage in protective behaviors. There were fewer differences, however, among the three groups of crime victims. Burglary victims were more likely to report feeling vulnerable and fearful, while assault victims were more likely to express more negative views of the police. (Author abstract)

Date Published: January 1, 1987