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Assessing the Relationship between Immigration Status, Crime, Gang Affiliation, and Victimization

Award Information

Award #
Funding Category
Competitive Discretionary
Congressional District
Past Project Period End Date
Funding First Awarded
Total funding (to date)

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2020, $462,165)

Studies examining the relationship between illegal immigration and crime rates are often based on census data on immigration concentration in communities and overall crime rates. Less is known about immigration and crime at the individual level.
By relying on individual-level data, the proposed project seeks to address the following research questions:
1. Does the likelihood of engaging in crime vary by immigration status?
2. Are illegal immigrants at an increased risk of joining gangs in general, or having affiliations to MS13 specifically?
3. Are undocumented immigrants at an increased risk of experiencing violent victimizations?
This multi-methodological study relies on several qualitative and quantitative data sources to triangulate findings. The study uses quantitative self-report data from the Arizona Arrestee Reporting Information Network (AARIN), official intake data from the Maricopa County Central Intake Records, and community member surveys.
Results from this project will provide a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between immigration status and crime, victimization, and gang involvement as well as an understanding of immigrantsÂ’ social networks and transnational criminal capacity and the relationship between nationality and likelihood of criminal involvement. These findings will serve as an empirical basis upon which to shape policies and practices targeted at the immigration issue.
Note: This project contains a research and/or development component, as defined in applicable law, and complies with Part 200 Uniform Requirements - 2 CFR 200.210(a)(14). CA/NCF

Date Created: September 16, 2020