Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2018, $985,950)
The crime of opioid trafficking - an illicit trade that involves the importation, manufacturing, cultivation, distribution, and sale of opioids - has co-evolved along with the advance of modern technologies. As the Internet has become one of the most important drivers behind the worldwide economy, it also provides an open and shared platform of making illicit profits at a lower degree of risk. Besides anonymity, the variety of available products and the ease of stealth delivery have made the option of trading illicit drugs via crypto-markets hosted on the dark web (i.e., a hidden part of the Internet) more desirable than conventional street-based markets. The crypto-markets on the dark web (a.k.a. eBay of drugs or Amazon of drugs) have posed new challenges to law enforcement agencies, such as how to address the growing online participation in opioid trafficking and sales is one of the most urgent tasks.
There is a lack of insight into the online ecosystem of opioid trafficking; in particular, there has not been any work linking participants on the dark web (e.g., crypto-markets such as Silk Road 3.1 and Dream Market) to the Internet (e.g., online social media such as Twitter) or the physical world. Utilizing Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies to discover knowledge and recognize patterns from online data across dark web and Internet could provide valuable investigative leads, which might greatly facilitate law enforcements preventing, responding to, and disrupting the networks of opioid trafficking.
This project will design and develop an intelligent system (named AlphaDetective) leveraging the latest advances in artificial intelligence technologies to automate the analysis of these data and link participants on the dark web to the Internet to provide timely investigative leads to law enforcements in the U.S. Those leads can be exploited to profile opioid traffickers, collect forensic evidence against opioid traffic ring, and disrupt the networks of opioid trafficking. The developed system may also applicable for other law enforcement applications, such as combating gang violence and human trafficking.
"Note: This project contains a research and/or development component, as defined in applicable law," and complies with Part 200 Uniform Requirements - 2 CFR 200.210(a)(14).