Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2016, $318,571)
As submitted by the proposer: Under the auspices of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicines (the Academies) Committee on Law and Justice (CLAJ), an ad hoc committee of 17 researchers and practitioners has been appointed by the Academies to review the evidence on: (1) the effects of different forms of proactive policing on crime; (2) whether they are applied in a discriminatory manner; (3) whether they are being used in a legal fashion; and (4) community reaction. The committee's review of the literature and the subsequent report will include a thorough discussion of data and methodological gaps in the research. The membership of the committee includes expertise in areas such as criminology, economics, law, political science, psychology, police practice, and statistics. With support from the National Institute of Justice (through the use of reprogrammed funds) and the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, work on this project began on August 1, 2015; the additional funds requested of NIJ will enable the project to be completed by supporting the activities of the project staff. The study committee held its first meeting in Washington DC on November 12-13, 2015, and its second and third meetings on February 3-4, 2016 and April 4-5, 2016; the committee plans to hold its fourth and fifth meetings in Washington, DC on June 27-28, 2016 and November 3-4, 2016.
The study committee will develop a report based on the items discussed in the statement of work. After the report has been reviewed through the Academies external review process, and all committee members and appropriate Academies officials have signed off on the final report, a pre-publication copy will be transmitted to the sponsors, who will be briefed a few days prior to public release; the report will be published in final form by the National Academies Press. The Academies will engage in a variety of dissemination activities upon the public release of the report.