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Reducing Courts' Failure to Appear Rate: A Procedural Justice Approach

Award Information

Award #
Funding Category
Awardee County
Congressional District
Funding First Awarded
Total funding (to date)
Original Solicitation

Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2008, $197,507)

This grant examines the impact of variation in court appearance reminder systems on perceived procedural justice and voluntary compliance/failure to appear (FTA) outcomes, which have implications for pretrial release monitoring and public safety. This propsective field experiment will first collect FTA outcomes for misdemeanor defendants in 7 Nebrasksa counties randomly assigned to 4 conditions: 1) no reminder; 2) mailed reminder; 3) mailed reminder with sanction warning; and 4) mailed reminder with procedural justice message. Next, data on perceptions of confidence in court and procedural justice will be collected via self-administered survey (mail and telephone) for samples of compliant vs. FTA defendants, and analyzed as FTA predictors. Cost benefit analyses will assess cost efficiences, and potential impact is greatest among racial/ethnical minorities who disproportionately represent FTAs.

Date Created: September 23, 2008