This awardee has received supplemental funding. This award detail page includes information about both the original award and supplemental awards.
Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2004, $399,993)
PROJECT SUMMARY FOR 2001-IJ-CX-0028
This demonstration/evaluation program is a jointly-funded effort by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) to test the utility of ATF's Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative (YCGII) as a source of information to examine the operation of the illegal firearms market in a city (Los Angeles) and develop interventions to strategically disrupt the supply of guns to criminals. Qualitative data will also be collected, including interviews with law enforcement personnel and arrestees. Project goals are (1) to describe Los Angeles' illegal gun markets; (2) develop and implement supply side strategies to intervene with priority targets; and (3) evaluate the impact of these strategies on illegal gun markets and on gun-related crime and violence. The project will be led by a Working Group headed by the local ATF Office and including members of the project research team (from Rand and elsewhere), the LAPD, probation and parole, and US and District Attorney Offices. Reseachers will utilize YCGII/ATF gun tracing data, police data, and California gun sales data, among other data sources, to describe Los Angeles illegal gun markets and to develop indicator measures for dealers, purchasers, and communities involved in illegal trafficking. Based on these models, the working group will develop a set of supply side intervention strategies to interrupt these illegal trafficking channels and the operating agencies will then implement the strategies. The research team will monitor the implementation process and provide feedback to the operational partners so that strategies can be refined and improved where needed. Then researchers will evaluate the impact of these interventions on the illegal gun market and on gun-related crime and violence in Los Angeles.
This study is a continuation of a demonstration/evaluation program which was a jointly-funded effort by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) to test the utility of ATF's Youth crime Gun Interdiction Initiative (YCGII) as a source of information to examine the operation of the illegal firearms market in Los Angeles and develop interventions to strategically disrupt the supply of guns to criminals. Overall project goals are (1) to describe Los Angeles' illegal gun markets; (2) develop and implement supply side strategies to intervene in these illicit channels; and (3) to evaluate the impact of these strategies on illegal gun markets and on gun-related crime and violence. The original grant accomplished the first two of these goals, with criminal justice agencies working with a coalition of research partners working with Rand Corporation to identify both point sources (corrupt firearms dealers and organized trafficking operations) and diffuse sources (straw purchasers and informal transfers) of guns to criminals in Los Angeles and to develop a set of supply side strategies to target each of these types of sources. Currently, a task force of practitioner agencies ( LAPD; LA ATF Field Office and Regional Gun Center; Probation/Parole; and City, District and US Attorney Offices) are implementing these strategies. This continuation grant will fund the evaluation phase of the study, monitoring the implementation process and assessing the impact of these strategies on illegal gun trafficking and on firearms crime and violence in Los Angeles. Multiple methods will be used to assess program impact. Pre-post tests within Los Angeles will be conducted, controlling for crime trends and other exogenous influences. In addition, cross-city comparisons will examine changes over time in illegal gun market indicators and the rates of gun crimes in Los Angeles and other cities with comprehensive gun tracing from across the United States. Finally, a 'difference model' will be implemented, comparing LA to a similar jurisdiction, but controlling for any potential regression of violence to the mean of Los Angeles' gun violence rates.