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Resident and Nonresident Fingernail Isotopes Reveal Diet and Travel Patterns

NCJ Number
253938
Date Published
January 2019
Length
11 pages
Author(s)
Christy J. Mancuso; James R. Ehleringer
Agencies
NIJ-Sponsored
Publication Type
Research (Applied/Empirical), Report (Study/Research), Report (Grant Sponsored), Program/Project Description
Grant Number(s)
2014-DN-BX-0003
Annotation
Since global travel has increased, and having a diagnostic tool to distinguish residents from visitors would be valuable, this study examined stable isotope biomarkers of fingernail tissues of 26 residents and 22 nonresident participants in Salt Lake City (SLC), UT, from 2015 to 2016, so as to determine whether fingernail isotopes could be used for reconstructing geolocation movements and to examine the convergence in nonresident fingernail isotopes to that of the resident signal following their arrival to SLC.
Abstract
Resident isotope values defined a baseline for comparisons. Initial nonresident hydrogen and oxygen isotope values were correlated with precipitation isotopes of their prior location. Fingernail isotope turnover rates were rapid and nonresident isotopes were indistinguishable from residents after ~71-90 days. The results of this study highlight the utility of stable isotope measurements of fingernail clippings to examine travel history reconstruction that could aid in identification of human remains. (publisher abstract modified)
Date Created: July 20, 2021