This book presents the proposed 1994-95 research and evaluation programs of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the principal research branch of the U.S. Department of Justice.
NIJ develops research studies to expand understanding of why and how specific violence and crime problems arise, evaluates programs to learn what is working to prevent and reduce violent crime, demonstrates how new knowledge can be put into practice, and communicates new ideas for action that can benefit communities seeking better approaches. As outlined in this 1994¦95 Plan, NIJ established six long- range goals that provide a framework for expanding knowledge that can help answer crucial questions for crime-control policy. Goal I is to reduce violent crimes and their consequences. Proposed research subjects are family violence, firearms and violence, sexual violence, and gangs. Evaluations will also be conducted in these areas. Goal II is to reduce drug-related and alcohol-related crimes. Research topics are relationships between alcohol and violence as well as substance abuse and family violence. Goal III is to reduce the consequences of crimes that involve individuals, households, organizations, and communities. Research will focus on the victimization effects and victim services. Goal IV is to develop household, school, business, workplace, and community crime prevention programs. Goal V is to improve the effectiveness of law enforcement, criminal justice, correctional, and service systems' responses to offenses, offending, and victimization. Goal VI is to develop, promote, and use criminal justice research, evaluation, and technology. NIJ awards for fiscal year 1993 are listed, and application forms are provided.