This October 2011 issue of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Journal contains seven primary articles that present NIJ’s policy-relevant research results and initiatives. This first article, Responding to Transnational Organized Crime – Supporting Research, Improving Practice, examines how the U.S. Government uses national and international research to reform law enforcement’s response to transnational organized crime. The second article, Reconsidering the Project Greenlight Intervention: Why Thinking About Risk Matters, presents a new evaluation of the project’s data to more fully understand why the project failed to live up to its expectations. The third article, Strengthening NIJ: Mission, Science and Process, discusses the changes being implemented at NIJ as a result of the National Research Council’s evaluation of the Institute. The fourth article, Improving NIJ’s Peer Review Process: The Scientific Review Panel Pilot Project, discusses NIJ’s new grant application peer review process. The fifth article, Beyond the Prison Bubble, examines why incarceration of offenders has not paid off as an effective means of reducing crime rates. The sixth article, Final Findings from the Expert Panel on the Safety of Conducted Energy Devices, discusses the results of the final report on the health risks associated with the use of conducted energy devices by law enforcement personnel. The seventh article, Indigent Defense: International Perspectives and Research Needs, presents an overview of promising international programs and research that could assist in improving indigent defense in the United States.