Description of original award (Fiscal Year 2008, $34,997)
The proposed study will utilize data from the NIJ-sponsored Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN). Using this data set, the proposed study has two objectives. First, the research team proposes to describe and compare exposure to neighborhood violence throughout childhood and adolescence across race and ethnicity. Second, they plan to estimate the effect of exposure to neighborhood violence on youth mental health, specifically both internalizing problems (somatic problems, withdrawal, and depression/anxiety) and externalizing problems (delinquency and aggression). With a time-varying measure of exposure to neighborhood violence, the research team seeks to understand how transitioning in and out of violent neighborhoods relates to youth mental health, including racial and ethnic differences in mental health.