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Manual and Automated Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR: A Comparison of Associated Injury Patterns

NCJ Number
246138
Journal
Journal of Forensic Sciences Volume: 58 Issue: 4 Dated: July 2013 Pages: 904-909
Author(s)
Deborrah C. Pinto Ph.D.; Kathryn Haden-Pinneri M.D.; Jennifer C. Love Ph.D.
Date Published
July 2013
Length
6 pages
Annotation

The purpose of this study was to identify and compare patterns of trauma associated with AutoPulse CPR and manual CPR.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify and compare patterns of trauma associated with AutoPulse CPR and manual CPR. Finalized autopsy records from 175 decedents brought to the Harris County Institute of Forensic Sciences were reviewed, 87 received manual-only CPR, and 88 received AutoPulse CPR in combination with manual CPR as per standard protocol. The characteristic pattern observed in manual-only CPR use included a high frequency of anterior rib fractures, sternal fractures, and midline chest abrasions along the sternum. The characteristic pattern observed in AutoPulse CPR use included a high frequency of posterior rib fractures, skin abrasions located along the anterolateral chest and shoulder, vertebral fractures, and a few cases of visceral injuries including liver lacerations, splenic lacerations, and hemoperitoneum. Knowledge of the AutoPulse CPR injury pattern can help forensic pathologists differentiate therapeutic from inflicted injuries and therefore avoid an erroneous assessment of cause and manner of death. Abstract published by arrangement with Wiley.

Date Published: July 1, 2013