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Civil Remedies and Drug Control: A Randomized Field Trial in Oakland, California

NCJ Number
241342
Journal
Evaluation Review Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Dated: April 2000 Pages: 212-241
Author(s)
Lorraine Green Mazerolle; James F. Price; Jan Roehl
Date Published
April 2000
Length
30 pages
Annotation
This study evaluated the impact of a civil remedy program (Beat Health) on drug and disorder problems under experimental field trial conditions.
Abstract
This study evaluates the impact of a civil remedy program (Beat Health) on drug and disorder problems under experimental field trial conditions. Using calls for service data, the authors found statistically significant differences between the control and experimental groups, when drug problem calls prior to the start of the intervention were compared to drug calls during a 12-month follow-up period. The Beat Health sites, especially the residential sites, improved relative to the control sites. By contrast, the control treatment (patrol response) led to significant increases in drug problems, particularly at the commercial properties included in this study. The authors also examined the spatial influences of the Beat Health and patrol responses in catchment areas surrounding each of the 100 study sites. The results show some improvement in the experimental residential sites. The authors found, however, a possible displacement of drug problems in and around both the commercial experimental and control sites. They show that the displacement effect is most notable in the commercial control sites. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.

Date Published: April 1, 2000