NIJ funds projects to increase the field's understanding of the dynamics of drug production and distribution in markets. Drug markets in public spaces usually attract additional threats to the community, such as gun violence, robbery, vandalism, disorderly conduct and prostitution.
Law enforcement seeks to interrupt and obstruct drug markets in a variety of ways, including:
- Highly visible policing.
- Arresting sellers and buyers, confiscating drugs and warning potential customers.
- Vigorously enforcing illegal weapons laws and nuisance laws.
- Collaborating with community members to gather intelligence.
- Installing surveillance, restricting parking, and changing traffic routes to deter drug dealing.
- Offering treatment and employment services to provide alternatives to the drug trade.