Science is a cornerstone of the justice system, and reliability is a cornerstone of science. Justice tools we take for granted today, such as crime mapping software, DNA identification of suspects, and automated fingerprint systems, are products of well-tested science. Extraordinary tools are now ordinary features of our justice system because the science has persuaded the courts and law enforcement that those tools, in the end, are highly reliable.
In 2004, the National Institute of Justice created the social science research on forensic sciences (SSRFS) research program to explore the impact of forensic sciences on the criminal justice system and the administration of justice. Much of the early research from the SSRFS program focused on DNA processing and the use of DNA in investigations and prosecutions.