Validation of a Confirmatory Proteomic Mass Spectrometry Body Fluid Assay for Use in Publicly Funded Forensic Laboratories
Examining the multifaceted impacts of drug decriminalization on public safety, law enforcement, and prosecutorial discretion
Breaking the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Implications of Removing Police from Schools for Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Justice System
A Process and Impact Evaluation of Illinois' Policy to Eliminate Cash Bail and Reform Pretrial Practices
Court Decision-Making in Domestic Violence Cases: An Analysis of the Case Processing Pipeline in South Carolina
Tracing Charge Trajectories: A Study of the Influence of Race in Charge Changes at Case Screening, Arraignment, and Disposition
Bridging the Gap Between Prosecutors' Cases and Victims' Biographies in the Criminal Justice System Through Shared Emotions
The Fourth Amendment and the Potential Use of Field-Portable Mass Spectrometry Systems in Law Enforcement
Crack as Proxy: Aggressive Federal Drug Prosecutions and the Production of Black-White Racial Inequality
Assessing Childrens Credibility in Courtroom Investigations of Alleged Child Sexual Abuse Suggestibility, Plausibility, and Consistency
The data obtained from the National Survey of Prosecutors (NSP) provided data on prosecutorial activities nationwide as well as a variety of administrative and legal issues facing prosecutors who handle felony cases in state courts. The 2007 NSP data collection was a census, rather than a survey, and included 2,330 prosecutors' offices. Prior to the 2007 census, the most recent census of state prosecutors had been conducted in 2001. Probability samples of state prosecutors were surveyed in 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, and 2005.
Conducted during 1999-2000, this survey represented the first systematic study of indigent criminal defense services by BJS since the 1980s. The study collected indigent criminal defense data at the trial level for (1) the 100 most populous counties in the United States, (2) 197 counties outside of the 100 most populous counties, and (3) states that entirely funded criminal indigent defense services. Information obtained includes the number of program staff, program expenditures, and types of cases received by indigent criminal defense programs.
The Census of Public Defender Offices (CPDO) involves the collection of data from all state- and county-funded public defender offices across the country, including offices that are publicly funded but privately operated and offices that handle capital cases only. These public defender offices handle the largest proportion of indigent defense cases of the three major indigent defense delivery systems: public defender offices, assigned counsel systems, and contract attorney systems.
In 2013, the National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems (NSIDS) was designed as a census of all forms of indigent defense public defender, contract counsel, and assigned or appointed counsel in all fifty states and the District of Columbia. Indigent defense was characterized as state-administered (one or two central offices directing indigent defense for the entire state) or county-administered (each county provides and administers indigent defense, without a state central coordinating office).
Preparing for and Responding to Threats and Violence - Breakout Session, NIJ Virtual Conference on School Safety
On February 16-18, 2021, the National Institute of Justice hosted the Virtual Conference on School Safety: Bridging Research to Practice to Safeguard Our Schools. This video includes the following presentations:
Across the country, child welfare and juvenile justice systems now recognize that youth involved in both systems (i.e., dual system youth) are a vulnerable population who often go unrecognized because of challenges in information-sharing and cross system collaboration. In light of these challenges, national incidence rates of dual system youth are not known.