Sentencing and sanctions
Consequences of Incarceration for Gang Membership: A Longitudinal Study of Serious Offenders in Philadelphia and Phoenix
Risk and Rehabilitation: Supporting the Work of Probation Officers in the Community Reentry of Extremist Offenders
Enhancing Public Health and Public Safety: Informing Medication-Assisted Treatment Policies and Programs in the Criminal Justice System
Using Social Network and Spatial Analysis to Understand and Address Fentanyl Distribution Networks in Americas Largest Port City
A Descriptive Analysis of Missing and Murdered Native Women and Children in Nebraska, Barriers to Reporting and Investigation, and Recommendations for Improving Access to Justice
The panel presentations from the 2009 NIJ Conference are based on an NIJ-sponsored evaluation of the effectiveness of Kansas Senate Bill 123, which mandates community-based drug abuse treatment for drug possession by nonviolent offenders in lieu of prison.
At the conclusion of the judicial process, a judge may sentence an individual convicted of a crime to some type of penalty or sanction, such as a decree of imprisonment, a fine, or other punishments.
Alternatives to detention and confinement are approaches in lieu of incarceration when other options such as treatment, community-based sanctions, or residential placements are more appropriate. Successfully completing these types of programs typically result in a charge being dropped or reduced, while failure may result in the restoration or heightening of the original penalties.
The number of men and women under correctional supervision remains a key area of concern and research for NIJ. As the research and evaluation arm of the Department of Justice, NIJ is committed to empirically exploring issues of interest for the field of corrections.