Confidence, Latency, and Accuracy in Eyewitness Identification Made from Show-Ups: Evidence from the Lab, the Field, and Current Law Enforcement Practices
What does science tell us about case factors that can lead to a wrongful conviction? Dr. Jon Gould of American University will discuss the findings of the first large-scale empirical study that has identified ten statistically significant factors that distinguish a wrongful conviction from a "near miss." (A "near miss" is a case in which an innocent defendant was acquitted or had charges dismissed before trial). Following Dr. Gould's presentation, Mr. John R.
Use of Gas Chromatography with Tandem Ultra Violet and Mass Spectrometric Detection for the Analysis of Emerging Drugs. Application to Synthetic Cathinones and Fentanyl Analogues
How Collaboration Between Researchers and Police Chiefs Can Improve the Quality of Sexual Assault Investigations: A Look at Los Angeles
Panelists discuss the application of research findings from an NIJ-sponsored study of sexual assault attrition to police practice in Los Angeles. There are three main focal points: (1) the mutual benefits of researcher/practitioner partnerships, (2) the implications of variation in police interpretation of UCR guidelines specific to clearing sexual assault (with an emphasis on cases involving nonstrangers), and (3) the content of specialized training that must be required for patrol officers and detectives who respond to and investigate sex crimes.
Testing a ''not sure'' instruction as a prophylactic against the harmful impact of system and estimator variables on lineup identification accuracy
Pre-Feedback Eyewitness Statements: Proposed Safeguard Against Feedback Effects on Evaluations of Eyewitness Testimony
Combining a Portable, Tandem Mass Spectrometer With Automated Library Searching - an Important Step Towards Streamlined, On-site Identification of Forensic Evidence
Reduction of False Convictions Through Improved Identification Procedures: Further Refinements for Street Practice and Public Policy
Double-Blind Sequential Police Lineup Procedures: Toward an Integrated Laboratory and Field Practice Perspective
Pre-feedback eyewitness statements: Proposed inoculant and antidote for feedback effects on evaluations of eyewitness testimony
Interview with Jon Gould, Ph.D., Director of the Washington Institute for Public and International Affairs Research, American University.
Dr. Gould discusses:
- Bottom line findings from the study "Predicting Erroneous Convictions: A Social Science Approach to Miscarriages of Justice"
- Ten statistically significant factors related to wrongful convictions
- The role of systemic error and tunnel vision