Cross-Sectional Analysis of Sleep-Promoting and Wake-Promoting Drug Use on Health, Fatigue-Related Error, and Near-Crashes in Police Officers
"The Best Predictor of Future Behavior is ...": Examining the Impact of Past Police Misconduct on the Likelihood of Future Misconduct
What does science tell us about case factors that can lead to a wrongful conviction? Dr. Jon Gould of American University will discuss the findings of the first large-scale empirical study that has identified ten statistically significant factors that distinguish a wrongful conviction from a "near miss." (A "near miss" is a case in which an innocent defendant was acquitted or had charges dismissed before trial). Following Dr. Gould's presentation, Mr. John R.
Professor Christopher Stone recently completed a study of police-on-police shootings as part of a task force he chaired in New York State. He reported on his findings and recommendations, exploring the role of race in policing decisions, methods to improve training and tactics to defuse police-on-police confrontations before they become fatal, and methods to improve the investigations of such shootings.
Panelists debate the premise of a Harvard Executive Session working paper that suggests police organizations are striving for a "new" professionalism. Leaders are endeavoring for stricter standards of efficiency and conduct, while also increasing their legitimacy to the public and encouraging innovation. Is this new? Will this idea lead to prematurely discarding community policing as a guiding philosophy?
Social Bonds and Police Misconduct: An Examination of Social Control Theory and Its Relationship to Workplace Deviance Among Police Supervisors
Relationship Between Self-Control and Police Misconduct: A Multi-Agency Study of First-Line Police Supervisors
However, in some cases, at times due to the stressors of the job and frequent exposure to trauma and violence, officers engage in misconduct or criminal behavior. The National Institute of Justice understands what’s at stake for public safety and officer wellness when we ignore warning signs of officers struggling with occupational hazards and other psychological hardships.
Based on the research findings, law enforcement officers appear to commit crimes at a much lower rate than the general public. However, in some cases, at times due to the stressors of the job and frequent exposure to trauma and violence, officers engage in misconduct or criminal behavior.
Taking Stock: Report From the 2010 Roundtable on the State and Local Law Enforcement Police Pattern or Practice Program (42 USC 14141)
WMU-Cooley Law School Innocence Project: Postconviction Testing of DNA Evidence to Exonerate the Innocent in Michigan
Curbing Police Brutality: What Works? A Reanalysis of Citizen Complaints at the Organizational Level
Interview with Jon Gould, Ph.D., Director of the Washington Institute for Public and International Affairs Research, American University.
Dr. Gould discusses:
- Bottom line findings from the study "Predicting Erroneous Convictions: A Social Science Approach to Miscarriages of Justice"
- Ten statistically significant factors related to wrongful convictions
- The role of systemic error and tunnel vision