This report examines the contributions of federally funded criminal justice research on policy and practice through a literature review, case studies of successful research projects, and interviews with key policymakers and practitioners.
The results indicate that research in this area has influenced how policymakers and practitioners think about issues, identify problems and alternative solutions, and view potential accomplishments. A few of the studies that have had significant effects on both policy and practice include studies of police preventive patrols and response times, police response to spouse abuse, career criminals and selective incapacitation, and architectural design in crime prevention. Other studies have resulted in the development of prosecutorial management information systems and case tracking methodologies; improved police equipment; and measures for inmate classification, recidivism prediction, and probation assessment. 134 references.